Butler County, Kansas Genealogy

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Guide to Butler County, Kansas ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: El Dorado
Organized: August 30, 1855
Parent County(s): Original county [1]
Neighboring Counties
Chase  • Cowley  • Elk  • Greenwood  • Harvey  • Marion  • Sedgwick  • Sumner
See County Maps
Location Map
200px-Map of Kansas highlighting Butler County svg.bmp

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The County was named for a United States senator from South Carolina, Andrew Pickens Butler.[2] The County is located in the south central area of the state.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Butler County Courthouse
200 W. Central Ave.
El Dorado, Kansas 67042-2101
Phone: 316.322.4232
Butler County Website

County Clerk has birth and death records 1887-1912 and land records from 1887.
Clerk District Court has marriage, divorce, probate and court records. [1]

Butler County, Kansas Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[4]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1887 1861 1887 1860 1887 1869 1855
*Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1911. General compliance by 1917.[5]

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[6]

Unincorporated communities
  • Hopkins
  • Keighley
  • Palmer
Census-designated places
  • Augusta
  • Benton
  • Bloomington
  • Bruno
  • Chelsea
  • Clay
  • Clifford
  • Douglass
  • El Dorado
  • Fairmount
  • Fairview
  • Glencoe
  • Hickory
  • Lincoln
  • Little Walnut
  • Logan
  • Milton
  • Murdock
  • Pleasant
  • Plum Grove
  • Prospect
  • Richland
  • Rock Creek
  • Rosalia
  • Spring
  • Sycamore
  • Towanda
  • Union
  • Walnut
Ghost towns
  • Aikman
  • Alki
  • Amador
  • Browntown
  • Chelsea (now lies under El Dorado Lake)
  • Durachen
  • Frazier
  • Lorena
  • Magna City
  • Midian
  • Ophir
  • Oil Hill
  • Oil Valley
  • Providence
  • Ramsey
  • Salter
  • Vanora
  • Wingate

See Also: National Register of Historic Places in Butler County, Kansas

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Butler County, Kansas online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Kansas Cemeteries for more information
  • Kansas, Cemetery Abstracts at FamilySearch — index - [[Kansas Cemetery Abstracts - FamilySearch Historical Records|How to Use this Colle]ction]

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1860 437
1870 3,035 594.5%
1880 18,586 512.4%
1890 24,055 29.4%
1900 23,363 −2.9%
1910 23,059 −1.3%
1920 43,842 90.1%
1930 35,904 −18.1%
1940 32,013 −10.8%
1950 31,001 −3.2%
1960 38,395 23.9%
1970 38,658 0.7%
1980 44,782 15.8%
1990 50,580 12.9%
2000 59,482 17.6%
2010 65,880 10.8%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

Kansas became a territory in 1854 and the first territory census taken was in 1855. It was also enumerated as Kansas Territory in the 1860 Federal Census, although there were 15 counties that were marked with "no population" in them. The state continued to take state censuses after it was admitted to the Union in 1861.[7] See links listed below.

State and Territorial Census Records[edit | edit source]

Federal Census Records[edit | edit source]

The 1870 Census was the first Federal Census taken for Kansas after it became a state in 1861.[8] For links to Federal Census indexes, see Kansas Census.

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Most church records are held by individual churches. For contact information, check a phone directory, such as SearchBug or Dex Knows. Some denominations are gathering their records into a central repository. For more information about these major repositories, see Kansas Church Records.

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Kansas Land and Property for additional information about early Kansas land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

Online Land Records

For more information see Kansas Land and Property

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Butler County, Kansas Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Kansas Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Butler CountyMarion CountyChase CountyGreenwood CountyElk CountyCowley CountySumner CountySedgwick CountyHarvey CountyButler, Kansas.JPG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Online Collections[edit | edit source]

These collections are unique to Kansas. You will find nationwide databases for military records on U.S. Military Online Genealogy Records and Kansas Military Records.

Collections Covering Multiple Wars

Civil War

Men from Butler county enlisted in the 9th Kansas Infantry Regiment, Company L.

Spanish-American War (1898)

World War I

World War II

Korean War

Vietnam War

For further information see Kansas Military Records.

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

For more information, see Kansas Newspapers.

Kansas Newspapers Online

Kansas Newspaper Catalogs

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Voter Records

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

In most counties in Kansas, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, inventories, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists films of probate records. To find the records for this county, use the Place Search for Kansas, Butler and click Probate records.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Kansas tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. Tax lists were usually made every year, however, there may be gaps of several years. For more information, see the wiki page Kansas Taxation.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents.

A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Kansas Office of Vital Statistics or the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred. See also Kansas Vital Records. For information about restrictions and costs for certificates, see the CDC Where to Write for Vital Records site.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Butler County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Kansas Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Butler County. For state-wide library facilities, see Kansas Archives and Libraries.

Museums[edit | edit source]

Douglass Historical Museum
314 South Forest
PO Box 95
Douglass, Kansas 67039
Phone: 316-746-2319

Kansas Oil Museum
383 East Central ave
El Dorado, Kansas 67042
Phone: 316-321-9333
Email: director@kansasoilmuseum.org

Research Library

Towanda Area Historical Museum
401 Main
PO Box 393
Towanda, KS 67144
Phone: 316-348-7006

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Butler County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Kansas Societies.

Augusta Historical Society
303 State Street
Augusta, Kansas 67010
Phone: 316-775-5655

Butler County Historical Society
383 E Central Ave
PO Box 696
El Dorado, KS 67042
Phone 316-321-9333

Latham Historical Society
205 South Main Street
Latham, Kansas 67072-8205
Phone: 620-965-3121

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Butler County, Kansas. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Genealogy Trails History Group, "Butler, Kansas Genealogy and History", http://genealogytrails.com/kan/butler/ 7/24/2017.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Butler, Kansas," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Butler_County,_Kansas 7/24/2017.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Butler County, Kansas. Page 248 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 234.
  5. “Kansas Research Outline”, (Salt Lake City, Utah: Family History Department, 2000), 40.
  6. Wikipedia contributors, "BUTLER COUNTY, KANSAS," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Butler_County,_Kansas#Cities, accessed 8 September 2017.
  7. William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses (Bountiful, UT: American Genealogical Lending Library, 1985), page 118-119.
  8. William Thorndale and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses (Bountiful, UT: American Genealogical Lending Library, 1985), page 119.