Bureau County, Illinois Genealogy

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Guide to Bureau County, Illinois ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.

Bureau County, Illinois
Map of Illinois highlighting Bureau County
Location in the state of Illinois, United States Genealogy
Map of the U.S. highlighting Illinois
Location of Illinois in the U.S.
Founded: February 28, 1837
County Seat Princeton
Bureau County Courthouse.gif
Photo courtesy Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD), Illinois State Archives
Address County Courthouse
700 S. Main Street
Princeton, Illinois 61356
(815) 875-2014
Bureau County Website

County Organization[edit | edit source]

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[1]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1878 1837 1878 1837 1817 1837 1810
*Statewide registration for births and deaths started 1916. General compliance by 1922.

County records are most often kept at the County Courthouse or another local repository. For further information about where the records for Bureau County are kept, see the Bureau County Courthouse page.

Historical Facts[edit | edit source]

Bureau County is named for Pierre Bureau (Belleau or de Beuro) who established a trading post on the Illinois River.

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for either Michel or Pierre Bureau, French Canadian brothers who ran a trading post from 1776 until the 1780s near where Big Bureau Creek joins the Illinois River. The County Seat is Princeton and was founded 1837. It is located in the North-Central area of the state.[2]

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Prior to County Formation

County Formation and After

  • 1837 - Bureau County created from Putnam County
  • 1839 - Bureau gained from Putnam and unorganized area

For more information see Origin and Evolution of Illinois Counties or Bureau County Fact Sheet (Illinois State Archives). For interactive county boundary maps see Illinois County Boundaries, 1790-Present, Illinois Historical Counties, or For animated maps illustrating Illinois county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Illinois County Boundary Maps" (1790-1869) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Records Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Records and Resources[edit | edit source]

Biography[edit | edit source]

Past and present of Bureau County, Illinois, together with biographical sketches Harrington, George B. (Main Author)

Index to Past and present of Bureau County, Illinois by George B. Harrington

The Biographical record of Bureau, Marshall, Putnam and Stark counties, Illinois

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Bureau, Illinois online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Illinois Cemeteries for more information

Census[edit | edit source]

Federal[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1840 3,067
1850 8,841 188.3%
1860 26,426 198.9%
1870 32,415 22.7%
1880 33,172 2.3%
1890 35,014 5.6%
1900 41,112 17.4%
1910 43,975 7.0%
1920 42,648 −3.0%
1930 38,845 −8.9%
1940 37,600 −3.2%
1950 37,711 0.3%
1960 37,594 −0.3%
1970 38,541 2.5%
1980 39,114 1.5%
1990 35,688 −8.8%
2000 35,503 −0.5%
2010 34,978 −1.5%
Source: "Wikipedia.org".

State[edit | edit source]

1840 Pensioners[edit | edit source]

  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census. Washington, D.C., 1841. FHL 973 X2pc 1840; FHL 2321; digital version at Google Books. [See Illinois, Bureau County on page 186.]

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Lutheran[edit | edit source]

aka Evangelical

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Original court records are held in the office of the Circuit Court Clerk. See Illinois Court Records for more information about using court records.

The following abstracts and copies of original records may be accessed through the Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD) located at Northern Illinois University - search for Bureau County records. For information on how to use IRAD see the NIU IRAD Wiki Page

  • 1870-1915 Circuit Court Record, Criminal IRAD-NIU
  • 1872-1950 Court Records IRAD-NIU
  • 1894-1915 County Court Dockets IRAD-NIU
  • 1904-1952 County Court Record, Criminal IRAD-NIU
  • 1930-1956 County Court Information Record IRAD-NIU
  • 1938-1946 County Court Miscellaneous Record IRAD-NIU

Directories[edit | edit source]

Bureau County directory

The complete name index to The Voters and tax-payers of Bureau County, Illinois, 1877

Names & locations from the Bureau County, Illinois directory

Ethnic Research[edit | edit source]

African American[edit | edit source]

The following have information concerning African American research.

Genealogy[edit | edit source]

Illinois Ancestors

History[edit | edit source]

  • The Biographical Record of Bureau, Marshall and Putnam Counties, Illinois. Chicago: S.J. Clarke Pub. Co., 1896. Digital version at Ancestry ($).
  • Harrington, George B. Past and Present of Bureau County, Illinois. Chicago: Pioneer Pub. Co., 1906. Digital version at Ancestry ($); Another Ancestry ($) version; Internet Archive.
  • A Brief History of Bureau County also contains a list of Museums in Bureau County.

Land and Property[edit | edit source]

Original land records are held in the office of the County Clerk . See Illinois Land and Property for more information about using land records.

The following abstracts and copies of original records may be accessed online, through the Family History Library or the Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD) located at the Northern Illinois University- search for Bureau County records. For information on how to use IRAD see the NIU Wiki page.

Online Resources

Copies of Original Records

  • 1816-1900 Deed Index IRAD-NIU; search for Bureau County Records. (Learn more about IRAD.)
  • 1856-1878 Swamp Land Record IRAD-NIU
  • 1923-1935 Chattel Mortgage Index IRAD-NIU
  • 1931-1956 Chattel Mortgage Record IRAD-NIU
  • 1949-1959 Chattel Mortgage Entry Books IRAD-NIU


Maps[edit | edit source]

Whiteside CountyLee CountyLaSalle CountyMarshall CountyPutnam CountyStark CountyHenry CountyIL BUREAU.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War[edit | edit source]

Civil War service men from Bureau County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies or regiments that were formed from men of Bureau County.

- 9th Regiment, Illinois Cavalry, Company K.
- 12th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Companies H and I.
- 12th Regiment, Illinois Infantry (3 months, 1861), Companies H and I.
- 15th Regiment, Illinois Cavalry, Company L.
- 27th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company I
- 33rd Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company E.
- 52nd Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company B.
- 57th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Companies B, F, H and K.
- 64th Regiment, Illinois Infantry (Yates’ Sharpshooters), Company B.
- 66th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company C.
- 88th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company D.
- 93rd Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Companies B, C, E, H, I and K.
- 139th Regiment, Illinois Infantry (100 days, 1864), Companies A, G, and H.
- 146th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Companies F and H.
- 148th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Companies A, E, and K.
- 151st Regiment, Illinois Infantry (1 year, 1865), Companies F, G and H.
- 153rd Regiment, Illinois Infantry (1 year, 1865), Company E.

Naturalization[edit | edit source]

Online Records

Newspapers and Obituaries[edit | edit source]

A good collection of obituaries and death notices can be found at Genealogy Trails.

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Indexes and Records

Repositories[edit | edit source]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

County records are most often kept at the County Courthouse or another local repository. For further information about where the records for Bureau County are kept, see the Bureau County Courthouse page

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Illinois Regional Archives Depositories (IRAD)[edit | edit source]

The Illinois Regional Archives Depositories (IRAD), managed by the Illinois State Archives, houses the archival records of local Illinois counties, townships, municipalities and school districts. The seven Regional Depositories are housed on state university campuses scattered throughout Illinois.

The Northern Illinois University (IRAD-NIU) holds the records for Bureau County. Learn more about finding and using their records.

Illinois Regional Archives Depository
c/o Regional History Center
Founders Memorial Library, Room 400
Northern Illinois University
DeKalb, IL 60115
Telephone: (815) 753-1807

Bureau County Historical Society Library and Museum

Public Libraries[edit | edit source]

Social Groups Online[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

  • Bureau County Genealogical Society
    PO Box 402
    629 S. Main St.
    Princeton 61356-0402
    Phone 815-879-3133 or 815-303-7386
  • Bureau County Historical Society
    109 Park Ave. West
    Princeton, Il 61356
    Phone 816-875-2184
  • Neponset Historical Society
    PO Box 262
    113 Commercial Street
    Neponset, Ill 61345
    Phone 309-594-2197
  • Manlius Historical Society
    122 E. Maple Ave
    Manlius, Illinois 61338
    Phone 815-646-4369, 815-445-4102 or 815-454-2532
  • Mineral Pride Society
    c/o Dave Nanninga
    111 Third Street
    Mineral, IL 61344
    Phone 773-315-0556
  • Sheffield Historical Society
    125 Washington St.
    Sheffield, IL 61361
    Phone 815-454-2850
  • Tiskilwa Historical Society
    PO Box 87
    110 E. Main St.
    Tiskilwa, IL 61368
  • Wyanet Historical Society
    320 E. Second St.
    Wyanet, IL 61379
    Phone 815-699-2559 or 815-699-2419

Taxation[edit | edit source]

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

See Illinois Vital Records for more information about Vital records in Illinois.

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Original birth and death certificates recorded until the year 1916 are kept by the Bureau County Clerk while those recorded after 1916 are kept by the Illinois Department of Public Health with a copy to the County Clerk. Original marriage records are usually kept by the County Clerk from the establishment of the county to the present. Original divorce records are generally in the office of the Circuit Court Clerk.

The following abstracts and copies of original records may be accessed through online databases, the Family History Library and the Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD) located at the Northern Illinois University (NIU) - search for Bureau County records. For information on how to use IRAD see the IRAD Wiki page.

Births[edit | edit source]

Marriages[edit | edit source]

  • 1856–1895 Cass, Mrs. Allan W. Marriages of North Prairie area, beginning with the first recorded minister, 1856-1895 Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1977. FHL film 982434 Item 20

Deaths[edit | edit source]

Online Resources

Additional Resources[edit | edit source]

Additional resources for Bureau County births, marriages and deaths may be found in the Illinois, Bureau – Vital Records, the Illinois, Bureau – Vital Records - Newspaper indexes, and the Illinois, Bureau – Vital Records - newspapers topic pages of the FamilySearch Catalog . Online microfilm are indicated by the camera icon in the catalog entry. Copies of books found in the FamilySearch Catalog may be found in WorldCat catalog and ordered from your local library through interlibrary loan. Explore how to search the FamilySearch Catalog and the WorldCat Online Catalog.

Voter Registration[edit | edit source]

Illinois Voting Registratiion

Places and Localities[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[4]

Unincorporated communities
Ghost towns

‡This populated place also has portions in an adjacent county or counties

Websites[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Bureau County, Illinois. Page 192-199 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 194-197.
  2. Wikipedia contributors, "Bureau County," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bureau_County,_Illinois 4/11/2017.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/wiki/en/images/1/10/Igiillinoisac.pdf.
  4. Wikipedia contributors, "Bureau County, Illinois," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bureau_County,_Illinois, Last accessed 14 October 2019.