Barbour County, Alabama Genealogy

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Guide to Barbour County, Alabama ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Clayton
Organized: December 18, 1832
Parent County(s): Creek Cession, Pike[1]
Neighboring Counties
Bullock  • Clay  • Dale  • Henry  • Pike  • Quitman (GA)  • Russell  • Stewart (GA)
See County Maps
Barbour County, Alabama Courthouse.jpg
Location Map
Barbour County Alabama.png

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

Barbour County was named in honor of James Barbour, who served as Governor of Virginia.[2] The county is located in the southeastern area of the state.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Barbour County Courthouse
1 Court Square
PO Box 219
Clayton, Al 36016
Phone: 334-775-8366
Fax: 334-775-1125

Barbour County District Court
303 E Broad St
Eufaula, AL 36027
Phone 334-687-1516
Barbour County Website

Judge of Probate has marriage probate and land records from 1800's.
Clerk Circuit Court has divorce records from 1860 and Court Record from 1912.[4] Other records available in the courthouse basement record room include: Circuit Court Records (1839-1895), Probate Records, Civil Fee Books, Civil Trial Dockets, Civil Writ Dockets, Civil Bar Dockets, State Fee Books, Chancery Dockets, Sheriff's Dockets, Sheriff's Writ Dockets, Sheriff's Fine & Forfeiture Certificates, Sheriff's Execution Dockets, Sheriff's Subpoena Dockets, Fee Dockets, State Bar Dockets, State Subpoena Dockets, State Execution Dockets, Writ Dockets, Motor Vehicle License Reports, Land Bonds, Jury Rolls, Solicitor's Dockets, Solicitor's Grand Jury Dockets, Grand Jury Dockets, Register Solicitor's Fees, Appearance Dockets, Dentist and Attorney License Report, Register's Fee Books, Chancery Fee Books, Final Record books, Equity Trial Dockets, Appeal Bond books, Delinquent Tax Dockets, Direct Index to Personal Property, Reverse Index to Personal Property, Mortgage Record books, Circuit Court Trial Dockets, Circuit Court Appearance Dockets, and many more.

Barbour County, Alabama Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[5]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1881 1838 1881 1912 1833 1820 1816
*Statewide registration for births and deaths began in 1908. General compliance for births by 1927 and for deaths 1925.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

There is no known history of courthouse disasters in this county.

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • 1832--Barbour County was created 18 December 1832 from Pike and Creek Cession. Barbour County has two county courthouses (both in use) Clayton and Eufaula.
  • County seat: Clayton[6]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in Barbour County:[7]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator.

Unincorporated communities
  • Akinsville
  • Batesville
  • Baxters
  • Bells Crossroads
  • Bethel
  • Boot Hill
  • Comer
  • Cotton Hill
  • Doster
  • Edgefield
  • Elamville
  • Gaino
  • Garmon Crossroads
  • Greens Crossroads
  • Hawkinsville
  • Hobdy
  • Howe
  • Lime Sink
  • Lindsey
  • Lugo
  • Mount Andrew
  • Mount Gilead
  • Oateston
  • Osco
  • Pleasant Hill
  • Pratts
  • Richards Crossroads
  • Spring Hill
  • Star Hill
  • Teals Crossroads
  • Terese
  • Tew
  • Texasville
  • Tullis
  • Tyler Crossroads
  • White Oak
  • Wylaunee

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Barbour, Alabama online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Alabama Cemeteries for more information

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1840 12,024
1850 23,632 96.5%
1860 30,812 30.4%
1870 29,309 −4.9%
1880 33,979 15.9%
1890 34,898 2.7%
1900 35,152 0.7%
1910 32,728 −6.9%
1920 32,067 −2.0%
1930 32,425 1.1%
1940 32,722 0.9%
1950 28,892 −11.7%
1960 24,700 −14.5%
1970 22,543 −8.7%
1980 24,756 9.8%
1990 25,417 2.7%
2000 29,038 14.2%
2010 27,457 −5.4%
Source: "".

State Census

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Alabama denominations, view the Alabama Church Records wiki page.

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

The following have information concerning African American research.Both should be used:

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Alabama Land and Property for additional information about early Alabama land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.

To place a grant or deed on a map within context of Barbour County see:

  • Boyd, Gregory A. Family Maps of Barbour County, Alabama: with Homesteads, Roads, Waterways, Towns, Cemeteries, Railroads, and More. Norman, Okla.: Arphax Pub. Co., 2007. This is a definitive work and can be used as an index to land grants. Digital version at ($). FHL Book 976.132 E7b.

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Barbour County. The histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Alabama Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

BullockRussellStewart, GeorgiaQuitman, GeorgiaClay, GeorgiaHenryDalePikeAL BARBOUR.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Multiple Wars

Civil War

Regiments. Men in Barbour County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (part of a large regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Barbour County:

- 1st Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company A (Pioneer Guards)
- 1st Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company B (Eufaula Rifles)
- 1st Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company I (Clayton Guards)
- 1st Battalion, Alabama Artillery, Company B
- 4th Battalion, Alabama Cavalry (Love's), Companies B and C
- 5th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company K [subsequently, Company A
- 7th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company E
- 15th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company B (Midway Southern Guards)
- 15th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company D (Fort Browder Roughs)
- 15th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company H (Glenville Guards)
- 15th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company K (Eufaula City Guard)
- 29th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company G "Seal's Guards"
- 29th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company K
- 37th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company H
- 39th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Companies B, C, G, H, I, and K
- 45th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Companies A and C
- 59th Regiment, Alabama Infantry, Company D

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Voter Registration

Alabama Voting Registers for 1867 are available online at the Alabama Department of Archives and History. Barbour County has three books:

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Alabama tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the wiki page Alabama Taxation.

  • 1865-1866 U.S. IRS Tax Assessment Lists, 1862-1918 at Ancestry ($). Barbour County is in District 1.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Alabama State Department of Health , the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online $.

For some online statewide indexes, see the FamilySearch Historical Record Collections for Alabama.

Birth[edit | edit source]

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Alabama Department of Archives and History
624 Washington Ave
PO Box 300100
Montgomery, AL 36104

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Barbour County. For state-wide library facilities, see Alabama Archives and Libraries.

Eufaula Carnegie Library
217 N Eufaula Ave
Eufaula, AL 36027

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Barbour County Genealogy and Local History Society

Eufaula Heritage Association
340 North Eufaula Ave
Eufaula, AL 36027
334-687-3793 or 888-383-2852

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Alabama.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Barbour County, Alabama Genealogy and History”, 05/29/2017.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Barbour, Alabama," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Alabama 05/29/2017.
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Alabama.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Alabama.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Alabama.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Barbour County, Alabama," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Alabama, accessed 24 September 2018.
  8. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version
  9. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version.