Australia Genealogy

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Guide to Australia ancestry, family history and genealogy: birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Australia Wiki Topics
Australia flag
Beginning Research
Record Types
Australia Background
Cultural Groups
Local Research Resources

Country Information[edit | edit source]

European explorers began arriving in what is now Australia in the 17th century. In 1770, Great Britain claimed Australia as a territory. The "First Fleet" of European settlers arrived in 1788 with ships of convicts. Six colonies were created in the late 18th and 19th centuries; they federated and became the Commonwealth of Australia in 1901. English is the official language.[1]

Getting Started[edit | edit source]

Getting Started with Australia Research

Links to articles on getting started with Australia research.

Australia Research Tools

Links to articles and websites about Australia research.

Ask the

Finding Your Ancestors' Town in Australia[edit | edit source]

  • Genealogical records are organized by geographical locality. Civil registration (government birth, marriage, and death records) and church records (christenings/baptisms, marriages, and burials) were kept at the local level. To search these records, you must know the town where your ancestors lived.
  • If you do not know your ancestors' town, follow the advice in the Wiki article, Australia Finding Town of Origin, to search a variety of records that might provide that information.

Australia Clickable Map[edit | edit source]

When doing Australian research, it is helpful to know where one's family or ancestors lived in Australia and to know when they died. Click on a state name or on the map below to learn about research in an Australian state or territory.

Australian Capital TerritoryTasmaniaVictoriaNew South WalesQueenslandSouth AustraliaNorthern TerritoryWestern AustraliaAustralia map.png

Jurisdictions[edit | edit source]

States[edit | edit source]

After federation many governmental functions whose records are of interest to family historians remained the responsibility of the States. For example, the registration of Births, Deaths and Marriages is a State function; the Commonwealth was only responsible for these functions in the territories until the territory achieved responsible self-government. Click on a state below to go to the state Wiki article listing more information.

Territories[edit | edit source]

Former Australian Territories[edit | edit source]

  • The New Zealand Islands (1788-1840) (as part of the Colony of New South Wales)
  • Territory of Papua (1906–42)
  • Territory of New Guinea (1920–42)
  • Territory of Papua & New Guinea (1942–71)

FamilySearch Resources[edit | edit source]

Below are FamilySearch resources that can assist you in researching your family.

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Australia," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,, accessed 23 March 2016.