Ashley County, Arkansas Genealogy

From FamilySearch Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Guide to Ashley County, Arkansas ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: Hamburg
Organized: November 30, 1848
Parent County(s): Drew
Neighboring Counties
Bradley  • Chicot  • Drew  • Union  • Morehouse (LA)  • West Carroll (LA)  • East Carroll (LA)
Location Map

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named for United States Senator Chester Ashley. It is located in the southeastern area of the state.[1]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Ashley County Courthouse
215 E Jefferson Street
Hamburg, AR 71646
Phone: 870.853.2020
Ashley County Website

County Clerk has marriage, probate, and land records from 1848. 
Clerk Circuit Court has divorce records.[2]

Ashley County, Arkansas Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major Records[3]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1914 1848 1914 1849 1849 1849 1850
*State birth and death records began in 1914. Limited compliance until the 1920s

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

  • 1921 - A courthouse fire in 1921 destroyed most of the county's records.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

  • 1848--Ashley County was created 30 November 1848 from Chicot, Union and Drew Counties.

County seat: Hamburg [4]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[5]

Unincorporated communities
  • Beech Creek Crossing
  • Berea
  • Berlin
  • Bovine
  • Boydell
  • Brushy
  • Cremer
  • Crossroad
  • Donbey
  • Elon
  • Forest Park Addition
  • Gulledge
  • Jackson
  • Kimball
  • Lloyd
  • Longview Crossing
  • Martinville
  • Matoka
  • Miller's Chapel
  • Milo
  • Mist
  • Moore's Mill
  • Mount Olive
  • Mount Pleasant
  • Oakhurst Addition
  • Old Milo
  • Petersburg
  • Phelan
  • Post Oak
  • Promised Land
  • Pugh
  • Rawls
  • Riley
  • Roark
  • Rolfe Junction
  • Snyder
  • South Crossett
  • Stillions
  • Sulphur Springs
  • Sunshine
  • Thebes
  • Trafalgar
  • Unity
  • Venice
  • Wallace
  • White
  • Whitlow
  • Whitlow Junction
Census-designated places
  • Banner
  • Bayou
  • Bearhouse
  • Beech Creek
  • Carter (contains Hamburg)
  • De Bastrop (contains Parkdale)
  • Egypt (contains Crossett, West Crossett, and most of North Crossett)
  • Elon
  • Extra
  • Longview
  • Marais Saline
  • Mill Creek (contains part of North Crossett)
  • Montrose (contains Montrose)
  • Portland (contains Portland)
  • Prairie
  • Union
  • White (contains Fountain Hill)
  • Wilmot (contains Wilmot)

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Events below were gleaned from the Ashley County section of Deirdre Kelley & Bill Norman, The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture

  • By AD 1700, the area had no permanent villages.
  • 1818 - The Quapaw ceded what would be Ashley County to the United States government.
  • 1826 - When U.S. surveyor Nicholas Rightor entered the Arkansas Territory , he found settlers who had come to a land that they found to be abundantly fertile and in which game and fish were plentiful.
  • 1848 - November 30 - Ashley County was organized.
  • 1855 - By this time, many farms were producing cotton, corn, wheat, potatoes, and livestock. Timber was rafted down the Saline River.
  • Ashley County experienced solid growth in the years leading up to the Civil War. From a population of 2,058 in 1850, the county had grown to 8,590 in 1860. The Civil War interrupted this growth, so that by 1870, the population had dropped to 8,042.
  • Congress’s 1867 passage of “An Act for the More Efficient Government of the Rebel States” divided the South into five districts and implemented martial law in 1868.
  • 1868 - When the Fourteenth Amendment was passed , Arkansas refused to ratify it.
  • 1890's - The beginning of what was to become one of Arkansas’s most important economic developments: the wood products industry.

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

Biographies[edit | edit source]

  • Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Southern Arkansas. Chicago, IL, USA: Goodspeed Publishing, 1890 — Online at $

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Ashley, Arkansas online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Arkansas Cemeteries for more information

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1850 2,058
1860 8,590 317.4%
1870 8,042 −6.4%
1880 10,156 26.3%
1890 13,295 30.9%
1900 19,734 48.4%
1910 25,268 28.0%
1920 23,410 −7.4%
1930 25,151 7.4%
1940 26,785 6.5%
1950 25,660 −4.2%
1960 24,220 −5.6%
1970 24,976 3.1%
1980 26,538 6.3%
1990 24,319 −8.4%
2000 24,209 −0.5%
2010 21,853 −9.7%
Source: "".

Federal Census Records[edit | edit source]

Though the United States purchased Arkansas from the French in 1803, Anglo-American settlement of the area did not began in earnest until after the formal organization of the territory in 1819. Therefore, Arkansas does not appear in Federal Censuses before 1830. For links to federal census indexes, see Arkansas Census.

Territorial and State Census Records[edit | edit source]

State censuses were taken at the state-level and territorial censuses were taken by the federal government. See Arkansas Census for more information about censuses taken in Arkansas.

Church Records[edit | edit source]

List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

  • Court records began in 1849 [6]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

African Americans[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for Ashley County. They may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more about local histories, see Arkansas Local Histories.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Bradley CountyUnion CountyDrew CountyChicot CountyUnion ParishMorehouse ParishWest Carroll ParishEast Carroll ParishAR ASHLEY.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Civil War[edit | edit source]

Regiments. Men in Ashley County served in various regiments and companies. Those listed below were specifically formed in this county:

- 2nd Battalion, Arkansas Calvalry (Confederate) , Company E
- 3rd Consolidated Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)
- 8th Battalion, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate), Company F
- 8th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate)

Men from this county served in the 3rd Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate).

Online Records

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Felsenthal National Wildlife Refuge is home to the American Alligator it is located in South-central Arkansas (Ashley County), Bradley, and Union Counties.

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Birth[edit | edit source]

Birth Records reveal
Yes or Maybe
 Y  M
Name of Child Green check.png  
Birth Date and Place Green check.png  
Parent's Names Green check.png  
Mother's Maiden Name   Green check.png
Parent's Ages Green check.png  
Father's Occupation Green check.png  
Current Residence Green check.png  
Name of Doctor or Midwife Green check.png  

In 1877, a few county and city clerks[7] started keeping birth and death records.

In 1914, the state law required all county clerks to record births and forward them to the state.


See also: • Arkansas Online Genealogy Records, • How to Find Arkansas Birth Records and • Arkansas Vital Records—Birth.

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Voter Records[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in {{{1}}} County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Arkansas Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Ashley County. For state-wide library facilities, see Arkansas Archives and Libraries.

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Ashley County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Arkansas Societies.

Websites[edit | edit source]

Sites with online indexes or images of records

  • ARGenWeb - Data may be submitted by individuals or complete transcriptions
  • USGenWeb Archives - Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
  • RootsWeb resources - Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
  • FamilySearch Catalog – The FamilySearch catalog contains descriptions and access information for all genealogical materials (including books, online materials, microfilm, microfiche, and publications) in their collection.  Use Historical Records to search for specific individuals in genealogical records.

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Genealogy Trails History Group, “Ashley County, Arkansas Genealogy and History”,
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists : United States of America, 10th ed., (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002), p. 66.
  3. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ashley County, Arkansas. Page 67 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002; Alice Eichholz, ed. Ancestry’s Red Book: American State, County, and Town Sources, Third ed. (Provo, Utah: Ancestry, 2004), 65.
  4. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  5. Wikipedia contributors, "Ashley County, Arkansas," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,, accessed 28 August 2018.
  6. Alice Eichholz, Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, 3rd ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry Pub., 2004), 65-67. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 2004.
  7. such as Sebastian County (Fort Smith) and Pulaski County (Little Rock) (No entry in FamilySearch Catalog found for Pulaski County nor for Little Rock, Aug 2014)
  8. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at
  9. FamilySearch Wiki contributors, "Arkansas County Marriages - FamilySearch Historical Records," in FamilySearch Wiki, accessed 18 April 2013.