Arkansas Census

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Arkansas Wiki Topics
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Beginning Research
Record Types
Arkansas Background
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Local Research Resources

Online Federal Censuses[edit | edit source]

Population Schedules[edit | edit source]

Starting in 1790, federal population schedules were taken every 10 years in the United States. Click here for more information about federal census records.

Though the United States purchased Arkansas from the French in 1803, Anglo-American settlement of the area did not began in earnest until after the formal organization of the territory in 1819. Therefore, Arkansas does not appear in Federal Censuses before 1830.

United States Federal Censuses with Online Links[edit | edit source]
1830 1840 1850 1860
1870 1880 1890 1900
Census lost FamilySearch
1910 1920 1930 1940
1950 1960
NARA Index
FamilySearch Images
Release Date
April 1, 2032

Non-Population Schedules for Arkansas[edit | edit source]

Federal non-population schedules included such things mortality schedules, agriculture schedules, slave schedules, and manufacturing schedules.

Year Type of Census Links
1841 Pensioner Ancestry ($) — index and images
1850 Mortality Ancestry ($) — index and images
1850 Slave Ancestry ($) — index and images
1860 Mortality Ancestry ($) — index and images
1860 Slave Ancestry ($) — index and images
1870 Mortality Ancestry ($) — index and images
1880 Mortality Ancestry ($) — index and images

Existing and Lost Censuses[edit | edit source]

Online State and Territorial Censuses[edit | edit source]

State censuses are census records that were taken at the state-level rather than at the federal. Often, but not always, a state took their census in ten year increments 5 years from when the Federal Census was taken, such as 1885. State censuses can even serve as substitutes for missing federal censuses. For more information on state censuses, visit United States Census Bureau.

Territorial censuses were taken by the federal government to count the population in federal territories. The government needed to count the population in the territory to see if it could qualify for statehood. For more information on territorial censuses, visit the US Territorial Census page.

Year Type of Census Links
Various Arkansas, Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index, 1819-1870 Ancestry ($)

Other Census Images[edit | edit source]

Why Use the Census?[edit | edit source]

State census records can be one of the easiest ways to locate where an ancestor's family lived and when they lived there. Information varies based on year and location, but information that may be included in a census can include:

  • Name of each person in the family at the time the census was taken
  • Street or Avenue, or number Rural Free Delivery
  • Sex
  • Age
  • Color
  • Nativity
  • Place of birth of this person
  • Place of birth of Father of this person
  • Place of birth of Mother of this person
  • Period of Residence
  • How long a resident of this State (years and months)
  • How long a resident of this enumeration district (years and months)
  • Regular occupation
  • Military service