African American Resources for Missouri

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Beginning Research
Record Types
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Cultural Groups
Local Research Resources

Introduction[edit | edit source]

Online Resources[edit | edit source]

  • 1846-1867 U.S., Freedmen’s Bureau Marriage Records, 1846-1867 at Ancestry ($)
  • 1861-1872 United States, Freedmen's Bureau Marriages, 1861-1872 at FamilySearch — How to Use this Collection
  • 1865-1872 Missouri, Freedmen's Bureau Field Office Records, 1865-1872 at FamilySearch; images — How to Use this Collection
  • 1865-1874 United States, Freedman's Bank Records, 1865-1874 at FamilySearch — How to Use this Collection
  • African American Digital Bookshelf - a growing list of digital books on FamilySearch and other websites
  • Discover Freedmen - this site searches all of the Freedmen's Bureau record collections on FamilySearch altogether (and redirects there)
  • Missouri Digital Heritage
  • The State Historical Society of Missouri African American Genealogy
  • Online Resources for Missouri

  • 1839-1840 The Amistatd Trials of 1839-1840
  • 1910-1958 Missouri Death Certificates 1910-1958
  • Black Archives of Mid-America
  • The Dred Scott Case, Washington University Library
  • African-American Genealogy State Historical Society of Missouri
  • Missouri Newspaper Index
  • Online Resources for St. Louis, Missouri

    Research Strategy[edit | edit source]

    History[edit | edit source]

    • McLaurin, Melton Alonza, Celia, A Slave (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1991). Discusses the trial in 1855 of eighteen-year-old slave Celia for the murder of her abusive master Robert Newsom in Callaway County, Missouri.
    • Greene, Lorenzo Johnston. Missouri's Black Heritage. Gary R. Kremer, Anthony F. Holland; forward by Julius K. Hunter; Saint Louis, Mo.: Forum Press, c. 1980. 195 p. E185.93 M7 G73

    Resources[edit | edit source]

    Biographies[edit | edit source]

    • Historic Missourians: African Americans
    • James Cox: This was posted on the Missouri Genealogy Research Community on Facebook: Record of a slave girl named Malinda, born about 1824 and was hired out to work for W. S. Pollard and C. Bustes (sp) during 1860. Her owner, James Cox, had died in 1858 in Kingston Twp, Caldwell, Mo. See post.

    Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

    Census Records[edit | edit source]

    Church Records[edit | edit source]

    Emancipation Records[edit | edit source]

    Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

    Genealogies[edit | edit source]

    Land and Property[edit | edit source]

    Plantation[edit | edit source]

    Law and Legislation[edit | edit source]

    Oral Histories[edit | edit source]

    Other Records[edit | edit source]

    Military Records[edit | edit source]

    Newspapers[edit | edit source]

    Probate Records[edit | edit source]

    Reconstruction Records[edit | edit source]

    Freedman’s Bank[edit | edit source]

    An excellent source is the Freedman’s Savings and Trust Company (visit the African American Freedman's Savings and Trust Company Records page to learn more). This company was created to assist African American soldiers of the Civil War and freed slaves. Freedman’s Savings and Trust Company signature cards or registers from 3 March 1865 to 25 July 1874 may list the name of the depositor, date of entry, age, birthplace, residence, complexion, name of employer or occupation, wife or husband’s name, death information, children’s names, name of father and mother, brothers’ and sisters’ names, remarks, and signature. Early books sometimes contained the name of the former master or mistress and the name of the plantation. Copies of death certificates were sometimes attached to the entries. The collection is organized alphabetically by state, then city where the bank was located, then date the account was established, then account number.

    Online collections of Freedman's Bank records:

    Freedmen's Bureau[edit | edit source]

    The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands was created by the US government in 1865 until 1872 to assist former slaves in the southern United States. The Bureau created a wide variety of records extremely valuable to genealogists. Such documents include censuses, marriage records, and medical records. These records often include full names, former masters and plantations, and current residences.[1] For 1865 and 1866, the section on abandoned and confiscated lands includes the names of the owners of the plantations or homes that were abandoned, confiscated, or leased. It gives the county and location, a description of the house, the number of acres owned, and the number of cabins of former slaves. These films do not appear to contain the names of former slaves.

    To find Freedmen's Bureau records:

    Other FamilySearch collections not included:

    • More collections are available in the FamilySearch Catalog. Search for "FREEDMEN - MISSOURI" in the Subjects search bar to find.

    Visit the African American Freedmen's Bureau Records page to learn more about utilizing these records.

    School Records[edit | edit source]

    Slavery Records[edit | edit source]

    Vital Records[edit | edit source]

    Birth[edit | edit source]

    • Missouri, Birth Registers, 1847-1910 ($) - information may include name, gender, race, residence, birth date and place, number of child, and parents and their birthplaces, residence, and occupation

    Marriage[edit | edit source]

    The Freedmen's Bureau (1865-1872) was created by the US government to assist former slaves in the southern United States. One of their responsibilities was to record the marriages (past and present) of the former slaves. These records can be found in the collections below and include the lists of marriages that occurred previously, marriage certificates, and marriage licenses. The information contained on the records may include the name of the husband and wife/groom and bride, age, occupation, residence, year or date of marriage, by whom, number of children, and remarks.

    United States, Freedmen's Bureau Marriages, 1861-1872 at FamilySearch — How to Use this Collection

    Death[edit | edit source]

    Divorce[edit | edit source]

    Voting Registers[edit | edit source]

    Archives and Libraries[edit | edit source]

    The Griot Museum of Black History
    2505 St. Louis Ave.
    St. Louis, MO 63106-2324
    Phone: 314-241-7507

    The George B. Vashon Museum
    2223 St. Louis Ave.
    St. Louis, MO 63106

    Julius K. Hunter and Friends African American Research Collection
    St. Louis County Library
    1640 S. Lindbergh Blvd.
    St. Louis, MO 63131-3598

    Societies[edit | edit source]

    References[edit | edit source]

    1. "African American Records: Freedmen's Bureau," "African American Heritage," National Archives, accessed 11 May 2018.