Adams County, Ohio Genealogy

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Guide to Adams County, Ohio ancestry, genealogy and family history, birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

County Facts
County seat: West Union
Organized: 1799[1]
Parent County(s): Hamilton, Washington[2]
Neighboring Counties
Brown  • Highland  • Pike  • Scioto  • Mason (KY)  • Lewis (KY)
See County Maps
Adams County, Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Location Map
OH adams.png

County Information[edit | edit source]

Description[edit | edit source]

The county was named after John Adams, the second President of the United States. It is located in the Southwestern area of the state.[3]

County Courthouse[edit | edit source]

Adams County Courthouse
110 W Main St
West Union, Ohio 45693-1347
Phone: 937-544-2011
Adams County Website

Probate Court has births and deaths 1888-1893, marriages 1803-1853 and from 1910, probate records 1849-1860 and from 1910.
Court Clerk has divorces court records from 1910.
County Recorder has land records from 1797.
Board of Health has births and deaths from 1908.[4]

Adams County, Ohio Record Dates[edit | edit source]

Information for this chart was taken from various sources, often containing conflicting dates. This information should be taken as a guide and should be verified by contacting the county and/or the state government agency.

Known Beginning Dates for Major County Records[5]
Birth* Marriage Death* Court Land Probate Census
1888 1803 1888 1910 1797 1849 1820
Statewide registration for births and deaths started in 1908. General compliance year is unknown.

Record Loss[edit | edit source]

1910 - Fire burned the courthouse, resulting in the loss of most of the will books and other probate files, as well as some other records.

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Boundary Changes[edit | edit source]

Populated Places[edit | edit source]

Populated Places
For a complete list of populated places, including small neighborhoods and suburbs, visit Hometown Locator. The following are the most historically and genealogically relevant populated places in this county:[7]

Unincorporated communities
Census-designated places

History Timeline[edit | edit source]

Resources[edit | edit source]

Bible Records[edit | edit source]

For an extensive list of resources for Bible Records see Ohio Bible Records.

Biographies[edit | edit source]

Business, Commerce, and Occupations[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries[edit | edit source]

Cemeteries of Adams County, Ohio online and in print
Tombstone Transcriptions Online
Tombstone Transcriptions in Print (Often more complete)
List of Cemeteries in the County
See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.

Census Records[edit | edit source]

Historical populations
Census Pop.
1800 3,432
1810 9,434 174.9%
1820 10,406 10.3%
1830 12,281 18.0%
1840 13,183 7.3%
1850 18,883 43.2%
1860 20,309 7.6%
1870 20,750 2.2%
1880 24,005 15.7%
1890 26,093 8.7%
1900 26,328 0.9%
1910 24,755 −6.0%
1920 22,403 −9.5%
1930 20,381 −9.0%
1940 21,705 6.5%
1950 20,499 −5.6%
1960 19,982 −2.5%
1970 18,957 −5.1%
1980 24,328 28.3%
1990 25,371 4.3%
2000 27,330 7.7%
2010 28,550 4.5%
Source: "".

FamilySearch Wiki pages:

Church Records[edit | edit source]

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, see Ohio Church Records.
List of Churches and Church Parishes

Court Records[edit | edit source]

Directories[edit | edit source]

Emigration and Immigration[edit | edit source]

Ethnic, Political, and Religious Groups[edit | edit source]

Funeral Homes[edit | edit source]

Genealogies[edit | edit source]

Guardianship[edit | edit source]

Land and Property Records[edit | edit source]

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Online Land Indexes and Records

Local Histories[edit | edit source]

Local histories are available for this county. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see Ohio Local Histories.

  • Evans, Nelson Wiley, A history of Adams County, Ohio from its earliest settlement to the present time: including character sketches of the prominent persons… (West Union, Ohio: E.B. Stivers, 1900) Digital version at: FamilySearch Digital Library; Internet Archives.
  • Thompson, Carl N., Thompson's Historical Collections of Adams County, Ohio (West Union, Ohio Adams County Historical Society (Ohio), c1991) FHL book 977.186 H2t.

Maps and Gazetteers[edit | edit source]

Highland CountyBrown CountyPike CountyLewis CountyMason CountyScioto CountyOH ADAMS.PNG
Click a neighboring county
for more resources

Migration[edit | edit source]

Military Records[edit | edit source]

Revolutionary War

War of 1812

Civil War

World War I

World War II

Naturalization and Citizenship[edit | edit source]

Online Naturalization Indexes and Records

Newspapers[edit | edit source]

Adams County newspapers often contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

Obituaries[edit | edit source]

Other Records[edit | edit source]

Periodicals[edit | edit source]

Probate Records[edit | edit source]

From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. After 1852, records are held by the Adams County Probate Court. Records include wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only). The records may give the decedent's date of death, name of spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

See Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Online Probate Indexes and Records

School Records[edit | edit source]

Social Security Records[edit | edit source]

Tax Records[edit | edit source]

Ohio tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties.

Online Tax Indexes and Records

Vital Records[edit | edit source]

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Marriages were usually recorded from the formation of the county and are held at the office of the County Probate Court. Divorce records are located with the county Clerk of Courts.

Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the County Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954, while the Ohio History Connection houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Birth[edit | edit source]

The Adams County, OH Courthouse was destroyed by fire on February 25, 1910. All official Probate Court Birth Records were destroyed. Births may be found in the "Adams County, OH Probate Court Assessor Books," (1879 thru 1895) and the "Restored Adams County, OH Board of Health Birth Records," (1857 to 1909).

Marriage[edit | edit source]

Death[edit | edit source]

Divorce[edit | edit source]

Research Facilities[edit | edit source]

Archives[edit | edit source]

Listed below are archives in Adams County. For state-wide archival repositories, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Family History Centers[edit | edit source]

Family History Center and Affiliate Library Locator map - search for local Family History Centers or Affiliate Libraries

  • Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance, free access to center-only databases, and to premium genealogical websites.
  • FamilySearch Affiliate Libraries have access to most center-only databases, but may not always have full services normally provided by a family history center.

Local Centers and Affiliate Libraries

Libraries[edit | edit source]

Listed below are libraries in Adams County. For state-wide library facilities, see Ohio Archives and Libraries.

Adams County Public Library
157 High St
Peebles, OH 45660

Museums[edit | edit source]

Societies[edit | edit source]

Listed below are societies in Adams County. For state-wide genealogical societies, see Ohio Societies.

The Adams County Historical Society
507 N Cherry St
West Union, Ohio 45693

Adams County Genealogical Society
The Adams County Heritage Center
PO Box 231
West Union, Ohio 45693

Ohio History Connection formerly the Ohio Historical Society
Ohio History Center
800 E 17th Ave
Columbus, Ohio 43211
614-297-2300 or 800-686-6124

Websites[edit | edit source]

Research Guides[edit | edit source]

References[edit | edit source]

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. accessed 2/14/2017
  4. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  5. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  6. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Ohio.At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  7. Wikipedia contributors, "Adams County, Ohio," in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia,,_Ohio, accessed 30 October 2018.