What Was It Like 100 Years Ago Today?

March 31, 2020  - by 

What was life like in the United States 100 years ago today? The year 1920 ushered in a new decade and brought new innovations and a life of abundance. Let’s take a trip to the past and see what life was like for your ancestors 100 years ago today!

Life Expectancy Was Shorter

In the United States, the life expectancy for men in 1920 was around 53.6 years. For women, it was 54.6 years. If you compare that number to today’s average life expectancy of 78.93 years, you can see just how much better we are doing! The main causes of death in 1920 were heart disease, pneumonia, and tuberculosis.

The World Was Recovering from a Pandemic

hospital beds from the pandemic in 1920, 100 years ago from today

By 1920, the world was just coming out of one of the greatest pandemics it had ever known. This flu, H1N1, known as the Spanish flu, infected about 27 percent of the world’s population. It is estimated to have killed at least 50 million people.

The Automobile Industry Was Born

Woman drives car while man stands outside of the car, 100 years ago today

As the decade progressed, the 1920s invited increased prosperity due in major part to manufacturing jobs in the automotive industry. Additionally, the automotive industry led to steel production, highway building, and more.

The automotive industry also introduced assembly-line work. Because companies such as Ford were using this new assembly-line technology, they were able to hire cheaper, less-skilled laborers. Many companies filled those positions with women.

Alcohol Was Prohibited

The 18th Amendment to the United States Constitution went into effect on January 16, 1920. This amendment outlawed the production and consumption of alcohol and is commonly known as Prohibition.

Many historians believe that it was during this time that organized crime began to increase. Black market alcohol, bootleggers, moonshiners, and speakeasies were part of the landscape of the 1920s.

Women Could Finally Vote

Women earn right to vote 100 years ago during 1920

The 19th Amendment was also ratified in 1920. In February of 1920, Carrie Chapman Catt founded the League of Women Voters in Chicago, Illinois. By August, the 19th Amendment had passed and gave women the right to vote in the United States. The League of Women Voters was created to encourage women to use their newfound influence at the voting polls. It is still a functioning organization today.

Radios Were a Main Source of Entertainment

Little girl listens to radio

Today’s average family may prefer a binge-worthy television series, but 100 years ago the American family could be found huddled around the radio in living rooms across the nation. The first commercial radio station in the United States was Pittsburgh’s KDKA. Within a few short years, there were more than 500 stations across America.

Jazz and Dance Clubs Were All the Rage

jazz players perform on stage. jazz came into popularity 100 years ago

Radio programs broadcasted the news, sports, comedy, and music. The 1920s sparked a musical plethora of new styles such as jazz, blues, Broadway, and dance bands.

With the introduction of fun, edgy music, many young people gravitated to dance clubs and roadhouses to socialize. They could gather with their friends and enjoy all the latest in music and dance steps such as the Charleston, black bottom, shimmy, fox-trot, and the Lindy Hop!

Hats Were Essential to Fashion

Man and woman in 1920 dressed in clothes people wore 100 years ago

Just like now, 100 years ago today men and women dressed for the occasion. In other words, a woman might wear a traditional housedress while at home with her family. This simple cotton dress may have been made with colorful plaids or stripes and was comfortable for doing chores. But when a woman needed to run errands, she may have donned a “walking suit” or “day dress.”

A lady would never be without her hat and gloves. These accessories were essentials in every woman’s wardrobe. From her bobbed styled hair to her Mary Jane sensible-heeled shoes, women of the 1920s had style and dressed appropriately for every event.

Men’s fashion began to take on a more casual appearance in the 1920s too. Although the traditional business suit was still common, Grandpa may have tried a sportier trend with “oxford bag” pants and V-neck sweaters.

Hats were a must for every man and served as a symbol of social status.

The Most Popular Occupations

At the beginning of 1920, women typically worked as teachers, nurses, and maids, while men were mostly farmers, doctors, lawyers, and bankers.

A hundred years ago seems very far away, but there are still some similarities to the way we live now. Where were your ancestors living 100 years ago? Search for them today in the United States 1920 federal census!

Search the 1920 Census Records


Amie Tennant

Amie Bowser Tennant is a genealogy researcher, writer and presenter.She writes blog articles and other content for many top companies and societies in the genealogy field. Her most treasured experience is working as a consultant for family history. Amie lives with her husband and three children in Ohio, surrounded by many of her extended family.

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  1. My dad was born in 1904, my mom in 1916, Dad lived ’til he was 90. Mom lived ’til she was 78, which meant they surpassed todays’ life expectancy. Then again, a life with no smoking, no drinking, a very healthy diet, friendly cheerful dispositions that my parents passed on to me and the rest of my 6 siblings says it all. Folks born after 2000 will not make it to age 65, simply due to them being couch potatoes, eating factory food, subjected to a rapidly deteriorating ecological environment and govt instigated calamities like the Flint water fiasco, Love Canal in Buffalo, ‘fracking’, leaky long distance oil pipelines, etc. IMHO, the worst is yet to come.

    1. No optimism im 92. survived 2 wars, eat what I want and dont care if I drop dead tomarrow. Will probably live to 100. Just stop worrrying. Still driving and cant wait till the fish start biting.

    2. “Fracking?” You do know that the whoopla over fracking is all BS, right? Fracking DOES NOT CAUSE EARTHQUAKES! It does NO harm. Earthquakes are caused by all natural sources. The wells that are “fractured” do NOT go deep enough into the earths crust to cause movement of the Tectonic Plates! SCIENCE proves this, not leftist/liberal/socio/commicrat fear mongers!

  2. I hope everyone is journaling their experiences of being in isolation and coping with uncertainty today, so that future generations will understand what it was like during this pandemic and maybe even learn from our experience.

  3. This one is just one of many over the years only this time we are doing something to stop it. Normally in the past it just took its course.