Quebec Notarial Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page
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|This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.|
Access the records: Quebec Notarial Records, 1800-1900 .
Title in the Language of the Record
Québec, actes de notaires
This collection contains records dating from 1800 to 1900.
This collection contains vital records including births, marriages, deaths, and a card index. Original records are in the Office of Civil Registry, Waigani, NCD Papua New Guinea.
Notarial records contain a variety of legal acts. This collection may contain the following:
- Marriage contracts
- Agreements and settlements
- Transfers of property
- Donations (pre-wills)
- Legal documents
- Guardian records
- Indenture records
Notarial records (actes notariés or minutes de notaire) are records prepared by a notary (notaire or protonotaire, but sometimes tabellion or scrivener). Notaries are important officials in Quebec, Louisiana, France, and other countries where a civil code based on Roman law is in force. Among other matters, notarial records deal with estates and inheritances.
The Quebec notarial records in this collection are images of bound documents. Most of the records are handwritten in French. Generally, the records begin with a title page that gives the date and time the record was made, the name of the notary, and the parties involved.
In Quebec, "notaires" (notaries) have registered contracts since 1626. These include deeds, wills, marriage contracts, and other records. The persons involved in the contracts received the originals. The notaries kept copies. The copies are called "minutes."
Each document in a notary's minutes gives at least the name of the notary, the date and place the document was prepared, the names and addresses of the persons involved, and the names and addresses of the witnesses. The ages and relationships of the witnesses and the persons involved are sometimes included.
Notarial records are usually listed by the name of the notary and the dates he functioned. They are not normally indexed by the names of the persons involved in the contract.
Notarial records are first sent to the judicial archives, but they are eventually deposited in the branches of the Archives Nationales du Québec.
Most legal contracts in Quebec had to be notarized by a notary. So the majority of such documents can be found in collections of notarial records. However, marriages were often preformed by the Catholic church and were sometimes not notarized, so when looking for marriage contracts, it is advisable to check church records as well.
These documents are generally reliable depending on the information provided by those who participated in the creation of the documents.
For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the Browse.
Citation for This Collection
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
- "Quebec Notarial Records, 1800-1900." Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing Bibliothèque et Archive Nationales.
These records may contain the following information:
- Date of Notary
- Name and age of deceased
- Name of spouse, children
- Names of heirs and other family members
- Date of marriage
- Date of Death
How to Use the Record
Before you begin your search, it would be helpful if you knew the following information:
- Ancestor's name
- Place of residence
Search the Collection
To search the images:
To search the collection you will need to follow this series of links:
⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page
⇒Select the “Judicial District” category
⇒Select the “Notary, Record Type, Years and File Numbers” category which will take you to the images.
Look at each image one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.
Unable to Locate your Ancestor?
- Try to narrow down the time period and the possible location for the records you are looking for. This collection is set up for browsing (you cannot use the search feature to find a specific individual), and you may have to browse through several records before finding the records you need.
General Information About These Records
Notarial records for each notary are arranged chronologically, so records with the most value to the family historian are mixed with other written agreements such as conveyances of land and other property, bonds for the payment of money, and deeds of partnership. Some early marriage contracts were prepared by priests and may not be in the notarial records.
The various acts contain a variety of information important to family history. The names of siblings, wives, and children and other information about family relationships can be found in notarial records. The type and quality of this information depends on the type of act and the items it covered.
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Contributions to This Article
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Citing FamilySearch Historical Collections
When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information. This will help you or others to find the record again. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records.
A suggested format for keeping track of records that you have searched is found in the wiki article Help:How to Cite FamilySearch Collections
Citation Example for a Record Found in This Collection
"Quebec Notarial Records, 1800-1900." images, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org https : accessed 14 June 2012). Louis Falardeau, Actes de notaire, 1856-1857, 601-800 > Image 1 of 934l; Robert Buthaman, agreement to lease, dated 10 March 1856; Quebec norarial records. Bibliotheque et Archives nationales du Quebec, Canada.