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Germany > Saarland
Smallest one of 16 states ("Länder") of Germany. The capital is Saarbrücken.
Saarland contains 6 administrative districts ("Kreise"):
Earliest known rulers were the Romans (part of province of Belgica). Other known rulers were the Treveri (for the city of Trier/Treves was named) and Mediomatrices and other early Celtic tribes, Kingdom of the Franks, Kingdom of Lorraine (Lotharingia), Duchies of Upper and Lower Lorraine, various local counts, the French Empire (1795-1815 as Department of the Saare and Department of the Forets), (Kingdom of Preussen/Prussia and Kingdom of Bayern and the Duchy of Oldenburg), League of Nations under French and Britain control 1918-1935 as the Saargebiet, returned to Germany's control 1935 until 1945, then under French protectorate until 1956 when it was returned to West Germany 1 January 1957.
The region was fought over through the years by the French and the Germans due to rich iron and coal deposits.
Rheinland-Pfalz und Saarland; Historical handbook of places in Rheinland-Pfalz and Saarland, Germany.
pub. Stuttgart : Alfred Kroner Verlag, c1965
FHL Book # 943 E3h v. 5
Stadtebuch Rheinland-Pfalz und Saarland; Historical encyclopedia of cities in Rheinland-Pfalz and Saarland. pub. Stuttgart : W. Kohlhammer Verlag, 1964
FHL Book # 943 E5d v. 4 pt. 3
Saarland region in 1793 - showing various rulers in the area.
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