England, Sussex, Church of England, Church Records (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page
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|This article describes a collection of historical records scheduled to become available at FamilySearch.org.|
Collection Time Period
This collection covers records for the years from 1530 until 1900.
These parish registers were acquired from the East and West Sussex Record Offices under multiple projects. The source list contains a total of (263) unique rolls of microfilm - (231) of these rolls of microfilm have never been indexed. The remaining rolls have only partial indexes and should be re-indexed as a part of this project. The contract with the East and West Record Offices limit the publication of images. Because of these restrictions, we are moving this forward as "Publish Index" only project.
Baptisms (christenings), marriages, and burials were recorded on blank pages in a bound book called a register. The events of baptism, marriage, and burial were all recorded in one volume until 1754, when a law required that marriages be recorded in a separate book. Banns, or proclamations of “an intent” to marry, were recorded in yet another book. Starting in 1812, preprinted registers were introduced and separate registers were kept for baptisms, marriages, and burials. Before 1812, bishops’ transcripts were usually recorded on loose pieces of paper. Following that year, the transcripts were recorded on the same preprinted forms as parish registers.
In 1537 the Church of England mandated that parishes begin keeping church registers by the next year (1538). These church registers continue to the present. Bishops’ transcripts, or copies of parish registers, were required beginning in 1598 and continued to the mid-1800s. The vast majority of the English population belonged to the Church of England. Only since the mid-19th century have other religious groups made headway.
Church of England parish register baptism records usually contain:
- Baptism date
- Name of the child
- Sex of the child
- Legitimacy of the child
- Marital status of the parents
- Social class of the parents
- Name of the father and often mother’s given name
- May list the residence of the parents, especially after 1812
Church of England parish register marriage records usually contain:
- Marriage date
- Name of the bride and groom
- Age of the bride and groom
- May list names of parents or other relatives
- Residence of the bride and groom
- Marital status of individuals and couples
- May list the dates that the marriage was announced (also called “banns published”). This normally took place on three separate occasions prior to the marriage and gave anyone with a valid reason a chance to object to the marriage.
- After 1754, the full names of witnesses
- After 1837, the full names of the fathers
- May note if a spouse is single or widowed at the time of the marriage.
Church of England parish register burial records usually contain:
- Burial date
- Name of the deceased.
- If the deceased is a child, might give the father’s name
- If the deceased is a married woman, might give the husband’s name
- Age of the deceased
- Residence of the deceased
- May give the sex of the deceased
- Residence of the deceased
How to Use the Record
Parish registers are one of the best sources for identifying individuals and connecting them to parents, spouses, and other generations. In July 1837, the government instituted the civil registration of births, marriages, and deaths. However, parish registers continue to play an important role because they are often more readily available than civil registers. Bishops’ transcripts are a backup source for parish registers that are missing or illegible. If possible, you may want to search both the parish registers and the bishops’ transcripts since one is a handwritten copy of the other and might contain differences.
Baptism or christening records list the parents’ names, making it possible for you to connect your ancestor to an earlier generation. You may find a birth date listed or be able to approximate a birth date.
The following are several ways you can use these records:
- After 1812 the baptismal records list a place of residence, making it easier to identify your family by where they lived.
- Use the father’s occupation to identify your ancestor's family when more than one family with the same name lived in the parish.
- You can use marriage the residence for the bride and groom to look for their baptisms and to identify the children of this couple.
- Sometimes the groom’s occupation is listed, which could help you find more records about the groom.
- Marriage records after 1754 list the names of witnesses, who were often family members, and can help you identify your ancestor’s family.
- Signatures in the records might be used to identify a particular individual by the handwriting style.
- After 1812, and sometimes before, burial records include the age of the deceased, which you can use to approximate the person’s birth year and to find the baptismal record.
- If the deceased is a child, the parents’ names might be given, which can help to extend your family another generation.
- The occupation of a deceased male might be given (especially after 1812) and can help identify your ancestor when there is more than one person by that name in the area.
- Knowing your ancestor's occupation might also provide you the opportunity to find other records about your ancestor.
- Banns indicate the parish of residence of the bride and groom and often lead to the records of another parish.
- You can search for the baptisms of the bride and groom in the parishes of residence since these might also be the parishes where they were born.
To search for a person in a Church of England parish register, you must know the following:
- Where the person lived and the corresponding parish
- When the person lived (If you do not know the time period, you must estimate it from what you know of more recent generations.)
In 1530, King Henry VIII established the Church in England, also known as the Anglican Church, the State Church, or the Episcopal Church. A law passed in 1537 required ministers to record the baptisms, marriages, and burials that took place in their parishes. Priests recorded these events in registers and kept them at the parish level, which is the lowest level of authority in the Church of England. Within some parishes, chapelries were created to provide for the worship needs of the parishioner when the parish church was not easily accessible. Chapelries sometimes had the authority to perform baptisms, marriages, and burials, so they kept their own registers. Several parishes formed a deanery (presided over by a dean), several deaneries formed an archdeaconry (presided over by an archdeacon), and several archdeaconries formed a diocese (presided over by a bishop).
Beginning in 1598, ministers were required to annually send copies of their registers to an archdeacon or bishop. These copies are referred to as bishops’ transcripts, or sometimes archdeacon transcripts. As a result, two copies of many parish registers exist from 1598 to about the mid-1800s. After civil registration began in 1837, the value of keeping bishops’ transcripts diminished, so by 1870 most parishes had stopped making them.
Banns are proclamations of an intent to marry. After 1754 these banns were required to be read for three consecutive Sundays before a marriage so that anyone with reasons against the marriage could oppose it. Banns were read in both the bride’s parish and the groom’s parish. An alternative was to apply for a license to marry either to the local Diocese or to the Archbishop of Canterbury.
Most bishops’ transcripts of Church of England parish registers have been preserved. Many have also been copied to microfilm or microfiche. The condition of the records is relatively good considering their age and their storage conditions over the centuries. In 1598 ministers were required to copy their registers onto parchment. If the minister failed to make such a copy, the register for that parish and its records did not survive. During the Commonwealth period, 1649–1660, many parish registers disappeared, and many transcripts were not kept because ministers were deposed from their parishes.
The Diocese of Chichester Bishop's Transcripts are held at West Sussex Record Office as the Diocesan registry. The Transcripts for West Sussex parishes begin from 1570 onwards whereas those in East Sussex date from 1606; few parishes have a complete series prior to 1641. From approximately 1700 to 1850, the Chichester Diocese has a rather full surviving collection for nearly all parishes in the diocese. In common with other diocese in England incumbents after 1837 did not record marriages due to the introduction of the civil registration marriage return to the local registration district.
As the transcript is contemporary with the parish register entry handwriting problems are present and as any transcript is prone to human error the parish register entry and transcription may not concur on the names or details of the event and some transcripts may have missing years or part thereof if the intended transcription did not take place for part of the year.
Why this Record Was Created
Parish registers were created to record church events of baptism or christening, marriage, and burial. Baptismal entries usually list the person’s birth date, and burial entries list the death date. In the Church of England, baptism, which was also called christening, was performed soon after the birth of a child. Marriage in the church legally united a man and a woman for civil legal reasons and for the purpose of founding a religiously sanctified family. Burial is a function of the church to inter the deceased soon after death.
Church of England parish registers are the most reliable and accurate family history source until July 1837, when the government instituted the civil registration of births, marriages, and deaths. Information in parish registers and Bishop's Transcripts can be verified against each other. There are often variations in Bishop's Transcripts of names and spellings. Bishop's Transcripts may also omit years or part of years and are incomplete according to Diocesan practice and preservation.
Transcription is a human process and can include error. If you are searching a computer data base which has been indexed exactly as viewed it may be necessary to search on variants of the given name and surname. The transcriber may have faithfully rendered Thos. or a Latin spelling like Xpher and your search for Thomas or Christopher may not produce a search result.
Parish register entries may not correspond with post 1837 Civil Registration certificates. The registration of Marriages involves a quarterly return from each authorized person (Registrar General approved) to the local Registry Office and each Registry Office in turn to form a National Index. The transcription of information from the event may not correspond to the original entry.
Since Civil Birth registrations are only partial in the early decades of Civil registration parish registers may be the only source of record for infant birth and death in a period of high infant mortality rates.
Parishes intended to be indexed in both East and West Sussex are included in the following pages
- Arundel, Sussex
- Battle, Sussex
- Brighton Chapel Royal, Sussex
- Brighton Holy Trinity, Sussex
- Brighton St John the Evangelist, Sussex
- Brighton St Nicholas, Sussex
- Brighton St Peter, Sussex
- Brighton St Stephen, Sussex
- Bexhill St Peter, Sussex
- West Blatchington, Sussex
- Chichester All Saints, Sussex
- Chichester St Andrew, Sussex
- Chichester St Bartholomew, Sussex
- Chichester St Martin, Sussex
- Chichester St Olave, Sussex
- Chichester St Pancras, Sussex
- Chichester St Paul, Sussex
- Chichester St Peter the Great, Sussex
- Chichester St Peter the Less, Sussex
- Cuckfield, Sussex Dallington, Sussex
- East Grinstead, Sussex
- Hastings All Saints, Sussex
- Hastings St Mary in the Castle, Sussex
- Hastings St Clement, Sussex
Parishes in Hove are explained in: Hove, Sussex
- Horsham, Sussex
- Horsham Holy Trinity, West Sussex
- Horsham St Leonard, West Sussex
- Kingston by Sea, Sussex
- Midhurst, Sussex
- Petworth, Sussex
- Rotherfield, Sussex
- Rye, Sussex
- Seaford, Sussex
- Storrington, Sussex
- West Dean, Sussex
- Westbourne, Sussex
- Worthing St Andrew, Sussex
- Worthing St Paul, Sussex
Additional Church development in Worthing and other parishes in the town is explained in Worthing, Sussex.
The 207 parishes of East Sussex and 223 parishes of West Sussex included in the Online Parish Clerks database for Sussex are being included in the FamilySearch Research wiki pages. For further information about Sussex Online Parish Clerks (OPC) visit Sussex Online Parish Clerks(OPC) which is free online database volunteer effort to transcribe not only parish register material but all types of records for the two counties.
The Family Search Research Wiki pages also contain references to the existing volunteer effort in East and West Sussex by local Wikipedia contributors over the last decade to provide details of places of worship in both counties which may assist research. These include demolished or disused places of worship and reflect the diverse use of worship buildings to the present day.
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Contributions to This Article
|We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.|
Sources of Information for This Collection
“England, Sussex, Church of England, Church Records,” database, FamilySearch (http://familysearch.org/); from West Sussex Record Office, Chichester. FHL microfilm 255 reels, Family History Library Salt Lake City, Utah.
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- United States. Bureau of the Census. 12th census, 1900, digital images, From FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org: September 29, 2006), Arizona Territory, Maricopa, Township 1, East Gila, Salt River Base and Meridian; sheet 9B, line 71
- Mexico, Distrito Federal, Catholic Church Records, 1886-1933, digital images, from FamilySearch Internet (www.familysearch.org: April 22, 2010), Baptism of Adolfo Fernandez Jimenez, 1 Feb. 1910, San Pedro Apóstol, Cuahimalpa, Distrito Federal, Mexico, film number 0227023
- This page was last modified on 23 July 2012, at 17:03.
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